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Knowledge about Tahitian Pearls

Tahitian pearls are farmed in warm saltwater lagoons among the most beautiful pearls in the world, mainly throughout French Polynesia. In fact, no pearls are cultured in Tahiti. The main farms is as far as 1500 km away on remote atolls and islands. Their locations are chosen for their reefs that provide protection from tides, access to free flowing warm water and environmental purity.

tahitian pearls

Tahitian pearls cultured in the Pinctada margaritifera cumingii oyster, which produces pearls that are regularly grown between 8 and 18 mm in diameter, becoming more valuable with increasing lustre and size. Every batch of pearls are graded by using X-ray technology, confirming each pearl has a minimum of 0.8mm of nacre before export. This enable every Tahitian pearl should have a very good level of nacre quality and lustre.

There is a grafting process of Tahitian pearls. The start of grafting operations for Tahitian pearls is always between April and November, when the mollusks are implanted with one or two nuclei made from a freshwater mussel shell and a corresponding number of pieces of mantle tissue from a donor oyster. This operation is very delicate and skilled and some of the best quality farms employing skilled grafters from Japan. The implanted oysters are transferred to finely meshed baskets, suspended in the sea and the pearl may finally begin to grow. After between 18 and 24 months, the pearl is harvested from the oyster and possibly the oyster is seeded for a further second or third operation, a technique that enables the production of a few large beautiful pearls.

Tahitian pearls are the most exotic and original pearls. Besides, they are also confusingly known as 'black pearls', resulting from taking on the colour of their black lipped oyster host.

It is not necessary black as it is available in assorted colors. Black, dark or light gray, dark or light green, pinkish, blue and bronze-brown and silver grey colors are available. Some pearls harvested are also white. In rare occasions, a bi-colored pearl can be found and this makes the elegant colors that are used to create the gems used by the rich and the famous. Tahitian pearls can be also produced in many mysterious colours such as silver, grey, pistachio, peacock and aubergine. At first, the industry believed these incredible colors are a result of a post-culturing treatment. After a leading laboratory confirmed that the colour was indeed natural, the first production of cultured pearls from French Polynesia began to be marketed successfully in the US and Europe during the 1970s.


tahitian pearls


Colorful tahitian pearls have become highly fashionable and sought after in recent years by being combined with classic round and baroque shapes. Tahitian pearls will not disappoint you no matter they are made as a matched choker necklace of grey pearls, a unique multi-coloured strand or with the simplicity of a Tahitian pearl pendant.

Perfect Tahitian pearls are rare and expensive. Although some pearls sometimes have a small nick of scratches, they are the individual characteristic of pearls that are naturally produced by the oysters. It is not perfectly shaped as the imitation pearls do but created by oysters from sand.

After knowing the above information, you will be more clear when you are interested in purchasing tahitian pearls jewelry.


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