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Distinctive Birthstones By Month

Birthstones has been used to ward off evil and bring good luck since the first century. The twelve months of the years represent twelve different gemstones, each having certain unique and exceptional qualities of their own. As birthstones by month are symbolic of your personality and your attributes, they are also a fun way to share something about yourself. Listed below are the months of the year and the gemstone or birthstone that you are born under.

Garnet is the birthstone of January. This is the birthstone that is known for their unadulterated beauty, variety of colours and their tremendous brilliance. The abundant supply and the large spectrum of colours lend it much popularity in the realm of fashion and allow it to keep pace with the changing styles of contemporary jewelry. It has a good hardness of 7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale and its high refractive index gives the garnet a great brilliance.

Amethyst is the birthstone of February. This beautiful violet gemstone is known for its unique and seductive beauty. Throughout the centuries, it has been attributed with miraculous powers, such as protecting crops against tempests and locusts. Moreover, it is supposed to have medicinal powers to sober and cleanse one’s mind. Being heated, the stone can change its colour. Some amethysts pale almost to colourlessness in daylight.

As for March, the birthstone will be the Aquamarine. Its hues range from pale blues to light blues to yellowish blues with hardness of 7.5 to 8 on the Mohs scale. The more intense the color, the more expensive it is. Aquamarine has an imperfect cleavage and a vitreous luster and is a favorite gemstone of modern designers. It is said that this stone arouses feelings of sympathy, trust, harmony and friendship.

Diamonds are one of the world's most precious gems and the birthstone of April. Throughout history the diamond has been revered as having an irresistibly seductive power. The most important characteristics that control a diamonds appearance and durability are color, clarity, cut and carat. A diamond is seen as a true symbol of love and commitment and buying and owning a perfect diamond is thus of crucial importance.

For people who were born in May, Emerald is the lucky birthstone. Having been a prized possession of royalty since ancient times, a good quality emerald can be as or even more expensive than a fine diamond of the same carat. The hardness ranges from 7.5 to 8 on the Moths Scale. This May birthstone is considered to be the traditional gift for the 55th wedding anniversary, known to enhance clairvoyance and are worn to promote healing, love and commitment.

As the birthstone of June, pearls are organic gems as they are created by living creatures. Pearl are created with a piece of grit or dirt entering the shell of a mollusk, oysters and clams. There are basically two types of pearls, natural and cultured. Pearls have been used to make jewelry since ancient times and are considered to be a symbol of beauty, love, happiness and wealth.
Ruby is the birthstone of July. This gemstone belongs to the corundum family of minerals and have a hardness of 9 on the Moh's scale.They express universal favourite signifying love, passion, blood and romance. It is believed that the stones have great medicinal powers, protective powers and is said to bring peace and prosperity.

Preidot, known as a kind of bright green gemstone, is the birthstone of August. In the ancient times, they are called the evening emerald because it resembled emeralds in the light of the burning lamps. Peridot is the gemstone variety of the mineral olivine formed during volcanic eruptions. It is originally found in the ruins of ancient Greece. Ground Peridot taken internally was once used to treat asthma and was believed to be a symbol of power and influence.

As the birthstone of September, Sapphires are durable gemstones that have been in demand since the ancient times. The hardness of the sapphire is 9 on the Mohs scale and cornflower blue is the most popular sapphire color. Quality sapphires are found in Ceylon, Thailand, Australia, India, Burma, Africa and Brazil.

As the birthstone of October, Opal may be light or dark, translucent or transparent. They are used in making jewelry have a milky-white base with varying flashed of color. Good quality opals exhibit rainbow like colours when viewed from different angles. Black opals are the rarest and most expensive opals with a body colour that ranges from dark grey to black with fiery flashes of colour. Opal hardness generally ranges from 5.5 to 6.5 on the Moths scale. Australia is a leading source of opals but several fire opals are found in Mexico. Other sources include Africa, USA and Brazil.
People born on November will get the birthstone Topaz. The colour is commonly found is yellow, However, it also comes in a spectrum of colours ranging from yellow, brown, honey, flax, green, blue, light blue, red pink and even colourless. The topaz has been known for at least 2000 years, and this gemstone forms the foundation to the twelve gates to the Holy City of New Jerusalem. It symbolizes beauty, splendour and is intended as protection against enemies.

Turquoise is December’s birthstone. Clear blue Persian turquoise is believed to be the finest turquoise in the world. It has been a part of Native American tradition for thousands of years. The mines in India, China and South-western US produce huge quantities of this gemstone. The hardness of turquoise used in jewelry varies from 5-6 on the Moths scale. The colour of the turquoise changes ranges from blue to green and even yellow green.

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